The history of the art of Greek painting dates back to ancient times. Today, several invaluable paintings and frescoes have been found in Etruscan tombs. They imitate the style and working skills of the Greek painters very well and give an idea of how they are to be shaped. Polignoto, Apolodoro d’Athènes or Agatarco, these are the big names of famous painters in Antiquity. They are the authors of numerous works of reference from this glorious period. Historians know very little about ancient Greek painters. Copies of Greek paintings by the Romans provide valuable information..
The genesis of greek fresco painting
Fresco painting is a widely used method of decorating the walls of temples, public buildings, houses, and tombs. However, it should be noted that this type of fresco painting has a different reputation from panel painting. Because of the transience of the panels and hundreds of years of theft and degradation, classical Greek panel paintings of any quality cannot survive. The over fresco is mainly used to cover or hide wall imperfections, and the wall finish is not very smooth.
In contrast, the theme treated in this type of painting is similar to that used in panel painting. Different from other ancient cultures, these ancient cultures also made wall paintings decorated with uneven surfaces. The Greeks did not fill all the gaps in these places. There is absolutely no free space that other cultures usually provide. The Greeks remained faithful to the concepts of balance, proportion, order and mathematical proportion in mural painting.
The forms of painting on greek sculptures
Sculptures are also painted with stone or clay sculpture and are one of the specific methods used by Greek painters. The stone sculptures are regularly colored with strong hues. In most cases, the part corresponding to hair and clothing, but the part corresponding to the skin, lacks paint and remains in natural marble.
These sculptures have been painted, but not all parts are painted, only part is painted. Highlight certain elements and complement them with taste, detail and subtlety, showing the beauty and expressiveness of these sculptures in an impressive and profound form. Sometimes all the sculptures are painted in one color, usually a color related to religious worship.
The original appearance of ancient paintings has been achieved through modern technologies that scrutinize micropigments, the remains of reliefs and Greek carvings.
Changes and emancipation : classical period
During this era of Greek art, almost all forms of painting flourished, and plate painting was widely used in obsessive or tempera techniques. The subjects covered are mainly figurative scenes, portraits and still lifes. The representation of the paragraph in the myth also appears there. Heroes and heroines represent ideal beauty, balanced proportions and smooth lines.
Their rationality keeps calm, calm, clear of nerve lines, cracks, or greasy and unbalanced forms of elements, and sudden movements of the lines can create feelings of restlessness or uncertainty. The main purpose of their works is to enable viewers to appreciate the beauty and joy of their own thoughts, but they also depict the outlines of the characters and exquisite detail in natural representation. Despite idealism, they are still conveyed as a means of expressing a form in the form of an ideal expression.
transcendence and revolution : Hellenistic period
In the Hellenistic period which began around 323 BC. AD, coincided with the death of Alexander the Great, Greek art transcended national borders and eras. Therefore, in the constant search for perfection, Greek painters began to communicate better with the public during this period. Most of the movement in the lines is aimed at breathing characters and emphasizing emotions, while maintaining balance, and the lines and shapes are not intermittent. Light plays an important role in highlighting the main characteristics of the work.
The majority of artists improve themselves through repeated practices. Since the classical period, better results have been enriched by a better representation of the position and also of the proportions of the characters in his works, which allude to three-dimensional scenes. He demonstrates a mastery of linear perspective (linear perspective uses vanishing points and transition lines to provide space and depths to the image), and a naturalistic expression unprecedented until the Italian Renaissance.